India’s diamond trading jumps in December


India’s polished-diamond exports rose 3% year on year to $1.77 billion in December as the market continued to strengthen during the climax of the holiday season.

Rough imports also surged, according to recent data from India’s Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC). The increase reflected restocking at manufacturers following the Diwali shutdown and the peak US sales period.

Full-year polished exports jumped 63% to $23.83 billion as the sector rebounded from the 2020 Covid-19 crisis, according to Rapaport calculations based on the GJEPC’s figures.

India Trade Data for December 2021
December 2021 Year-on-year change
Polished exports $1.77B 3%
Polished imports $148M 22%
Net polished exports $1.62B 1%
Rough imports $2.1B 19%
Rough exports $64M 28%
Net rough imports $2.03B 19%
Net diamond account -$412M Deficit increased 280%
Polished exports (volume) 2.2 million carats 1%
Average price of polished exports $809/carat 2%
Full Year 2021 Year-on-year change
Polished exports $23.83B 63%
Polished imports $1.77B -15%
Net polished exports $22.06B 76%
Rough imports $17.72B 85%
Rough exports $714M 33%
Net rough imports $17B 89%
Net diamond account $5.06B 43%
Polished exports (volume) 31.3 million carats 53%
Average price of polished exports $761/carat 6%

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Source Rapaport

About the data: India, the world’s largest diamond-cutting center, is a net importer of rough and a net exporter of polished. As such, net polished exports — representing polished exports minus polished imports — will usually be a positive number. Net rough imports — calculated as rough imports minus rough exports — will also generally be in surplus. The net diamond account is total rough and polished exports minus total imports. It is India’s diamond trade balance, and shows the added value the nation creates by manufacturing rough into polished.